Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was born on Feb. 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Ala. She was a known American activist in the civil rights movement who impacted the roles of African Americans in society, especially in the public transit system.
On Dec. 1, 1955, Parks denied a white man a seat on the front of the bus, while African Americans at that time were forced to it in the back if a white male or female wanted their seat in the front. By saying no, Parks was taken off the bus and sent to jail. Four days later, she was convicted of disorderly conduct and the incident sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, led by Martin Luther King Jr. The boycott lasted 381 days as a protest of all African Americans refusing to ride public transit buses because of segregated seating.
Park later worked as an administrative aide in the Detroit office of Congressman John Conyers Jr. in 1965 until retirement in 1988. Parks impacted a society and made a movement that influenced America.
“People always say that I didn’t give up my seat because I was tired, but that isn’t true. I was not tired physically. No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving in.”
– Rosa Parks, 1992